Carrie Klumb Live-stream

Animal agriculture exposures among Minnesota residents with zoonotic enteric infections, 2012–2016

Carrie Klumb, MPH, Minnesota Department of Health; Joni Scheftel, DVM, MPH, Minnesota Department of Health; Kirk Smith DVM, PhD, Minnesota Department of Health

Carrie is a senior epidemiologist in the Zoonotic Diseases Unit at the Minnesota Department of Health. She runs several projects related to zoonotic disease prevention, outreach, and education for agricultural workers, their families, and others exposed to agricultural settings. She received her MPH from the University of Minnesota and completed a two-year CDC fellowship prior to her current role.

Learning objective:
Participants will understand that zoonotic enteric infections are an occupational hazard for those working in food animal agriculture.


Prospective, population-based surveillance to systematically ascertain exposures to food
production animals or their environments among Minnesota residents with sporadic, domestically acquired, laboratory-confirmed enteric zoonotic pathogen infections was conducted from 2012 through 2016. Twenty-three percent (n=1708) of the 7560 enteric disease cases in the study reported an animal agriculture exposure in their incubation period, including 60% (344/571) of Cryptosporidium parvum cases, 28% (934/3391) of Campylobacter cases, 22% (85/383) of Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli (STEC) O157 cases, 16% (83/521) of non-O157 STEC cases, and 10% (253/2575) of non-typhoidal Salmonella enterica cases. Living and/or working on a farm accounted for 61% of cases with an agricultural exposure, followed by visiting a private farm (29% of cases) and visiting a public animal agriculture venue (10% of cases). Cattle were the most common animal type in agricultural exposures, reported by 72% of cases. The estimated cumulative incidence of zoonotic enteric infections for people who live and/or work on farms with food production animals in Minnesota during 2012–2016 was 147 per 10 000 population, vs. 18.5 per 10 000 for other Minnesotans. The burden of enteric zoonoses among people with animal agriculture exposures appears to be far greater than previously appreciated.


Carrie Klumb’s Presentation begins at timestamp 9:15.

Published Paper of this Presentation